EcoDesign checklist

From WikID

What is the EcoDesign checklist?

The EcoDesign checklist is a checklist with questions that provides support for the analysis of a product’s impact on the environment. The EcoDesign checklist provides relevant questions that need to be asked when establishing environmental bottlenecks during the product life cycle. The checklist can thus be used to complement the MET matrix. The checklist also suggests improvement options for areas where environmental problems are identified.

The checklist starts with a needs analysis, which consists of a series of questions concerning the functioning of a product as a whole. The main question asked in a need analysis is to what extent does the product fulfills its main and auxiliary functions. This question should be answered before focusing on the environmental bottlenecks in the various stages of the product’s life cycle. The needs analysis is followed by a set of questions, categorized per stage of the product life cycle (production, distribution, utilization, recovery and disposal).

The EcoDesign checklist consists of two columns: the questions to ask are given in the left hand columns of the tables. Some improvement options are suggested in the right-hand columns. These improvement options are derived from the EcoDesign strategy wheel.

When can you use the EcoDesign checklist?

The EcoDesign checklist is best applied in the concept generation phase, when a clear idea of a product has been developed. You can also use it to analyse existing products.
The EcoDesign checklist is often used in combination with the MET matrix as a tool to avoid missing any environmental impacts of the product and in combination with the EcoDesign strategy wheel.

How to use the EcoDesign checklist?

Starting points

The starting point of the EcoDesign checklist is a product idea, a product concept, or an existing product.

Expected outcome

The expected outcome of using the EcoDesign checklist is a thorough and systematic understanding of the product’s impact on the environment. The outcome of the EcoDesign checklist can be used to fill out the MET matrix, and to fill out the EcoDesign strategy wheel.

Possible procedure

  1. Define the product idea, product concept or existing product that will be analysed.
  2. Perform a needs analysis. Answer the questions from the EcoDesign checklist.
  3. Systematically answers all the questions from the EcoDesign checklist, per stage of the product’s life cycle.
  4. Provide options for improvement following the right-hand side of the EcoDesign checklist. Describe the options for improve­ment as clearly and precisely as possible.
  5. Use the answers to the EcoDesign checklist to fill out the MET matrix.

Tips and concerns

  • Make sure to answer all the questions on the EcoDesign checklist.
  • Think about questions you might want to ask yourself that are not on the EcoDesign checklist.
  • Use the EcoDesign checklist together with the MET matrix and the EcoDesign strategy wheel.


  • H. Brezet and C. van Hemel (1997) EcoDesign: A promising approach to sustainable production and consumption, UNEP, France.
  • H. Remmerswaal (2002) Milieugerichte Productontwikkeling, Academic Service, Schoonhoven.

See also

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